Home Gardening Tips for Planning, Setup, and Maintenance: A Complete Guide

Aug 2021
Best Home Gardening Tips for Planning, Setup & Maintenance

Who doesn’t love to have a small home garden? The greenery of the plants will make you feel connected to mother nature and spread positive energy around you; gardening is a great hobby indeed!

A house garden not only gives a fairy tale look to your house with those lovely flowers and trees but also provides you fresh air. You can have a beautiful and colorful garden in front of home or any other place at your house like backyard gardens, small balcony gardens, or even on your rooftop for terrace gardening. If you have already selected a spot for gardening, it’s best to choose plants for the garden depending on the spot you have chosen and the space available.

If you want to keep plants inside your home, you can choose indoor water plants or low light indoor plants; these plants can instantly change the look of your home interior and also purify the air at home.

If you are a beginner and wondering how to set up and maintain your home garden, this article is for you! Given below are some of the best and easy gardening ideas for beginners. 

In this blog, you can find out exactly how to pick the right spot for setting up your home garden, what kind of garden you can set up in the available space, the step-by-step process of setting up the house garden, and important tips to maintain your garden to get best results in the long run.

Choose Your Topic:

How to Pick a Spot for Your Home Garden

How to Pick the Right Spot for Home Garden

Picking the right spot to set up your house garden is essential in many aspects; you not only have to think about the space consumption but also consider other factors in any particular spot like sunlight availability, ease of watering, and if it affects your interior in any way.

No matter whether you are planning to set up a simple garden or targeting to build a small jungle in or around your house, here are some gardening secrets to help you find the perfect spot for your garden.

Tip 1: Check the Available Space

  • Lawn /Backyard: If you have enough free space, either in front of the house or behind it, you can turn it into a beautiful garden. All you need to do is find out if the place gets enough sunlight throughout the day or remains shady so that you can plan what plants you can grow there accordingly.

  • Terrace: If you have a big terrace and want to use the space wisely, you can look for some terrace gardening ideas that can help you. Having a rooftop garden helps keep your home cool as it absorbs the scorching summer heat and cools down your home.

  • Balcony: If you are living on the first floor or above, you can set up your house garden on your balcony itself. If you plan to set up a small balcony garden, you can easily opt for vertical gardening; but if you have enough space in your balcony, you can comfortably set up a horizontal garden.

  • Indoors: If you don’t have space on the balcony/ terrace or want to set up a garden inside house, you can go for indoor plants. You can also look for low-maintenance indoor plants which will do it’s work with minimal effort from your side.

Tip: If you are uncertain about picking a spot for setting up your home garden, applications like Master Gardener’s Buddy, Landscaper’s Companion, and other such apps can come in handy.

Tip 2: Observe the Sunlight 

Watch the spot you have selected for gardening throughout the day and examine the amount of sunlight that place gets. Determining how much sunlight a particular place gets will help you choose the best plants that can be grown there, i.e., if you are growing vegetables at home make sure your selected spot gets 8-10 hours of sunlight every day.

Gardening Tips for Beginners to Setup the Garden

Basic Gardening Tips for Beginners

#1 Decide What Type of Garden You Want to Grow

Everyone has a different purpose to have a house garden; some want to grow fruits and vegetables to feed their family/ share with neighbors, while others want it for ornamental purposes. So, first, think about what type of plants you want to grow in your garden; you can grow a vegetable garden, flower garden, herb garden, ornamental garden, or mix garden with different types of plants.

#2 Prepare the Soil

If you are planning to plant directly on the ground first check what kind of soil is there in your lawn space like clay soil, sandy soil, silt soil, lam soil, peat soil, etc., and choose plants based on your soil type; you can also replace your soil with all-purpose soil, in which any type of plant can be grown. 

If you are planting directly in a pot you can just buy all-purpose soil from a nursery and compost your soil; over time your soil degrades and loses all its nutrients. Composting the soil will make sure your soil has all the nutrients required to grow a healthy plant. 

#3 Prepare Plant Beds

Whether you are planting directly on the ground or in a pot; prepare plant beds for your plants. Loosen the soil by sprinkling some water, now using a spade or fork dig 6-8 inch deep holes in the pot or yard (at equal intervals). Proper plant beds will help plants grow strong from their roots, as it gets more access to water and necessary nutrients from the soil.

If you are planting on the ground or pots, make sure you leave enough space between each plant/ pot to improve the airflow around the plants and minimize the risk of spreading diseases. When plants are placed closely, it may affect their growth as they become more vulnerable to diseases like rust, powdery mildew, downy mildew, and other plants diseases.

#4 Planting Tips

After deciding what plants you will grow in your garden based on the selected spot, amount of sunlight that place gets, soil type, etc.

Now decide whether you are going to buy saplings or DIY home garden by sowing the seeds. Mentioned below are some planting tips for beginners:  

  • If you are buying a sapling, thoroughly examine the plant’s roots, they must be firm, white in color, and dense. Also, check if there are any black spots or white powder on the leaf; this means the plant is not healthy, don’t buy such plants. 

  • If you are sowing seeds, put the seeds in a glass of water, mix it with a spoon & leave it for some time; the seeds floating on top are dead seeds, use the seeds that are settled down in the glass for planting. 

#5 Home Garden Setup Tips Based on Your Selected Spot

Now that you have decided where to set up your house garden, the next and most important step is to start planning the garden set up as per the place you have selected & choose the best plants for home garden.

Spot #1: Lawn Gardening Tips

How to Setup Lawn Garden

How to Setup Your Lawn Garden
  • If you’re planning to set up a garden in front of home or a small backyard garden; make sure to check whether your yard space is shady or gets enough sunlight.

  • Clear all the weed and sod, pull them out straight away or use a spade to cut them. Now put some compost pile to decompose the soil.

  • Plan a layout for your lawn garden and prepare plant beds; give sufficient space between each plant bed. Keep the soil damp, so it’s easy to plant saplings/ sow seeds.

  • Sow the seeds or place the sapling in the plant beds

  • Water and fertilize them regularly based on their requirements. 

Which Plants You can Grow
  • If your lawn or backyard is getting enough sunlight you can grow almost all the vegetables, flowering plants, and small trees like Tomato, Potato, Beans, Rose, Jasmine, Marigold, Drumstick, Papaya, Pomegranate, and so on. 

  • You can also check for tomato growing tips, rose plant growing tips, goji berry plant growing tips, broccoli growing tips, or any plant growing tips online or via apps like Gardening Reference Guide, Garden Guide, and other such apps.

Spot #2: Terrace Gardening Tips

How to Setup Terrace Garden

How to Setup Your Terrace Garden
  • Firstly, examine your terrace thoroughly and waterproof your terrace to avoid water seepage problems. 

  • Observe the sunlight in your terrace and plan your layout accordingly, like planting flowering plants in a shady area of your terrace, vegetables in a bright area, etc.

  • The best thing about terrace gardening is you can just use polyethylene grow bags or plastic containers; which prevents water seepage and is also cheap, durable, available in various sizes.

  • Water your plants regularly and use right fertilizer to make sure you have a healthy terrace garden.

Which Plants You can Grow
  • You can grow almost all varieties of flowering plants, creepers, vegetables, herbs, and other plants on your terrace as it gets enough sunlight throughout the day. 

  • Plants like Marigold, Pansy, Mogra, Brinjal, Chilli, Onion, Mint, Coriander, Spinach, and so many others are some of the best options for rooftop gardening. 

Spot #3: Balcony Gardening Tips

How to Setup Balcony Garden

How to Setup A Balcony Garden
  • Check the space in your balcony and decide if you want to set up a horizontal garden or vertical garden.

  • Plan your balcony layout properly, as each plant come in different size and shapes, so place them strategically to create a good visual for balcony garden.

  • Choosing plants for your vertical garden can be tricky; you must pick plants according to the size and structure of your vertical garden. The chances of diseases spreading in vertical gardens are high; if one infected plant touches a healthy plant, it can spread the infection to that plant also.

  • As per the size of the plant, buy a right-sized pot with a proper drain hole. I.e., if you buy a small pot for a big plant, there will be no space for the roots to grow fully, which will affect the growth of the plant.

  • Keep an eye on weeds, whenever you see them pull out straight away from the root.

Which Plants You can Grow
  • Some of the best plants for horizontal gardening are Tulsi, Creeping Rose, Lavender, Button Rose, Cactus, Begonia, and many other plants.

  • The best plants for vertical gardening are Bromeliads, Succulents, Baby’s Tears, etc., are best for vertical gardens as they don’t grow very big in size; this makes sure that if a plant gets infected it doesn’t touch another plant and spread diseases.

Spot #4: Indoor Gardening Tips

How to Setup Indoor Garden

Indoor plants improve air quality and have various other benefits like instantly changing the look of your house and making your place cozy.

How to Setup Your Garden
  • Choose the right space to set up your indoor garden, and check if that place is bright throughout the day, shady, or a mixture of light and shade; this will help you choose plants accordingly.

  • Setting up an indoor garden is very simple. According to the place you have selected and the amount of sunlight that place gets you can buy plants, place them in a fancy ceramic pot.

  • Make sure you water your plant regularly, use the right fertilizer, and wipe off the dust on the leaves. 

Which Plants You can Grow
  • Some of the examples of indoor water plants are the Money plant, Lucky bamboo, Pothos, Spider plant, Coleus, etc., which are mostly low-maintenance indoor plants.

  • If your room doesn’t get enough sunlight you can go for low light indoor plants like ZZ Plant, Ivy, Prayer Plant, Calathea, and other plants.

House Gardening Maintenance Tips

Garden Maintenance Tips

As you have worked so hard to set up your home garden, you must maintain them properly, or else it will not only look shabby but create a house for insects and germs that will infect your plants and kill them slowly. Here are some garden cleaning tips on how to maintain your home garden: 

  • Water Properly: Watering your plant cant be trickery as every plant has its own watering requirement. Too much water can make the soil soggy and rot your plant, whereas very little water can try them out, so know your plant’s watering needs. Water your plants regularly, making sure the soil is always damp, not dry, nor soggy. (fun fact: if you are a forgetful person you can take help of water reminder apps Happy Plant, Waterbot, and so on or install a self-watering device to your plant)

  • Provide Enough Sunlight: Through photosynthesis, your plant converts its nutrients into energy, keeping your plant healthy. So, make sure you keep your plant in a place where it can get adequate sunlight, as sunlight is the basic requirement of a plant to stay healthy.

  • Check Plant’s Health: Whether you have a grown plant or you are going to plant one now, you must check the plant’s health, like if it’s rotten, pest-infested, etc. However, you can trim the plant’s overgrown/ dead branches, also make sure they are not infected, as they spread all over your garden and harm all your plants. You can also take the help of applications like Plantix, Planta, and other such apps to check your plants health.

  • Clean Weeds Regularly: Weeds may pop up overnight and destroy your entire backyard garden. They suffocate the roots of your healthy plant, absorbs their nutrients, and slowly kills your plant. Whenever you see a weed in your garden, pull it straight out of the soil and also spray weed killer, so the chances of weeds springing up in the future reduces. 

  • Add Mulch: To keep your soil moist and away from weeds, cover your garden floor with 2-3 inches of mulch. Another benefit of adding mulch is that you don’t even have to water frequently; the mulch prevents sunlight from directly hitting the soil and nourishes the soil. To choose the right mulch according to your needs, look for some mulching tips and tricks as there are so many varieties of mulches, like compost, bark, river rock, etc., each with its own benefits.

  • Use Right Fertilizer: Unlike mulch, fertilizers also provide necessary nutrients to plants, and it’s advisable to fertilize your plants at least one’s a month. Use the right fertilizer as each plant requires different amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK); you can also use organic fertilizer. Before using any fertilizers, check the 3-number series on the pack as it refers to the proportion of NPK minerals used in the fertilizer i.e., a Monstera plant needs 20-20-20 fertilizer whereas, for Snake plant, 3-1-2 fertilizer is used, and so on.

  • Dust off the Plants: Over time, a layer of dust is formed on the leaves; they clog the plant’s pores, making it difficult for plants to photosynthesize and take away their beauty. You can wipe the leaves with a cloth or rinse them in water, depending on the leaf size.

The Last Leaf

Whether it’s homegrown plants or a sapling that you brought from the nursery, every plant has different soil, watering, and light requirements, know your plant’s requirements and take good care of them accordingly. You can also take the help of apps like Garden Guide, Gardening Reference Guide, and other such apps to know tips for growing peas, rosemary gardening tips, peace lily care tips, tomato plant pruning tips, or handling tips for any plant in your house garden. We have discussed some basic gardening and maintenance tips for beginners to set up and maintain your home garden, we hope these tips will come in handy for you.

Keep Your Green Friends Happy & Stay Healthy!

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